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考研英语写作:摘要题型写作要点分析

时间:2019-04-01来源:飞蛾扑火网 -[收藏本文]

  导语:摘要题型写作动笔之前,考生一定要认真仔细地阅读所给原文,弄懂原文大意,掌握原文要点。下面是小编为您收集整理了摘要题型写作要点分析,欢迎阅读!

  ① 检查与修改时,考生应重点检查是否遗漏了原文的要点或包含了细节。

  ② 摘要的长度一般是原文的四分之一或五分之一,考试时应遵守规定的字数限制;

  ③ 在做摘要时考生切忌照搬原文;

  ④ 摘要应与原文的观点保持一致,并且仍按原文的逻辑顺序排列;

  ⑤ 重点反映主要观点,删除细节;

  ⑥ 简化从句,用简短的语句代替冗长的语句;

  ① 试题题目

  Directions:

  Study the following essay carefully and write a summary in about 80 words.

  We continue to share with our remotest ancestors the most tangled and evasive at陕西哪个看癫痫病好titudes about death, despite the great distance we have come in understanding some of the profound aspects of biology. We have as much distaste for talking about personal death as for thinking about it; it is an indelicacy, like talking in mixed company about venereal disease or abortion in the old days. Death on a grand scale does not bother us in the same special way: we can sit around a dinner table and discuss war, involving 60 billion volatilised human deaths, as though we were talking about bad weather; we can watch abrupt bloody death every day, in color, on films治癫痫的偏方 and television, without blinking back a tear. It is when the numbers of dead are very small, and very close, that we begin to think in scurrying circles. At the very center of the problem is the naked cold deadness of one's own self, the only reality in nature of which we can have absolute certainty, and it is unmentionable, unthinkable. We may be even less willing to face the issue at first hand than our predecessors because of a secret new hope that maybe it will go away. We like to think, hiding the thought, that with all the marvellous ways in which we seem now to l癫痫症能治好吗ead nature around by the nose, perhaps we can avoid the central problem if we just become, next year, say, a bit smarter. (246 words)

  ② 原文要点

  (1) Continue to have the most confused ideas of death like predecessors

  (2) Avoid talking about death

  (3) Talk about death when millions of people die

  (4) Become confused and anxious when each time the dead people are very few and the death rates are almost equal

  (5) People's fearfulness

  (6) Seem to control nature

 医治癫痫病的医院哪家好 (7) Avoid death

  参考摘要

  People dislike talking about death because they just like their predecessors still have the vaguest ideas of the issue. They talk about death only when million upon millions of people are killed in war. When they find only very few people die each time and the death rates are almost equal, they become very anxious, thinking that next time they themselves will meet their doom. Therefore, they fear very much. However, they have a hope that when they control nature, they can avoid death. (84 words)